Pre-school is a period of refinement of the neurological foundation skills acquired in the infant and toddler years, including the following necessary for school achievement:
Most of children’s learning during the preschool years depends on observations of the world around them. A child assumes that what they see is what everyone else sees, since they can’t look through other people’s eyes to compare, and are not often aware that they have a vision problem. It is especially important for adults to recognize the red flags or signs of vision problems.
A visual skills evaluation or visual perceptual evaluation in preschoolers evaluates the following areas to ensure appropriate visual system functioning:
Some children are more prone to risk factors in their vision development due to inherited traits, the environment, or nutritional factors.
Following are some indicators that a child may be at risk for vision problems:
-Published by the American Optometric Association
Developmental delays can have a profound impact. Approximately 20% of school-age children may be affected to some degree by learning-related vision disorders. This percentage dramatically increases within the learning disabled, special education and remedial reading populations where as many as 70% have a significant visual component to their learning problems.
If there are any developmental red flags, these can be indicative of later learning delays ahead. By improving the reception and processing of sensory information to allow for more mature patterns of response, developmental delays can be corrected with vision therapy. Regardless of age, visual inefficiencies due to immature development can be eliminated with intervention. A well prescribed pair of glasses can be the solution needed in some cases.
Vision therapy can make a world of difference. The earlier children can see clearly or use a visual system that is working well, the better they will be able to learn and gain healthy self-esteem.
For More Information on Preschool vision, go to College of Optometrists in Vision Development